All signatory parties should ratify the agreement. In Canada, the agreement is presented to the House of Commons for 21 days of session, in accordance with the policy of submitting treaties to Parliament. At the end of this submission period, the Minister of Foreign Affairs will be able to obtain from the Council, through a regulation, the necessary authority to ratify the agreement. The EU has played a leading role in the scientific commitments made under the new agreement. She was one of the first signatories to contribute to the scientific program through new research. European funds from the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) will enable a consortium of European researchers to collect data on the ecosystems of the central Arctic Ocean. The research group is currently participating in the one-year MOSAiC expedition aboard the German icebreaker Polarstern. Later this year, he will probably be part of the SAS expedition with the Swedish icebreaker Oden. As a result, the A5 invited China, the EU, Iceland, Japan and South Korea to negotiate. As a result, the other meetings were held on the A5-5 and were accompanied by separate meetings of scientific experts on fish stocks in the Central Arctic Ocean (FiSCAO). A draft contract was finally concluded on 30 November 2017 and, after legal and technical verification, the final text of the CAOFA was made available in the first half of 2018. The arctic Ocean coastal states are committed to preventing unregulated fishing. The agreement will enter into force as soon as the ten parties ratify it and remain in force for 16 years.
It will automatically be extended by an additional 5 years if the parties agree. The Council received a presentation from Jean-Pierre Plé (NFS Office of International Affairs and Seafood Inspection) and Candace Nachman (NMFS Office of Policy) on the development of an international agreement to prevent access to commercial fishing in the Central Arctic Ocean (CAO) for at least 16 years, as scientists study the effects of climate change on OAC and its ability to maintain commercial fishing. The agreement, signed in 2018 by 10 participants at a meeting in Greenland, aims to prevent UNregulated offshore fishing by the OAC as part of a long-term strategy to protect the health of the CAD ecosystem and promote sustainable exploitation of fish stocks. Although the CAD fisheries agreement is not included in an agreement negotiated under the auspices of the Arctic Council, the normative standard for the inclusion of Indigenous peoples in the negotiation process has been met. Respect for the indigenous peoples of the Arctic is also underscored by the fact that the agreement itself refers to the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and to indigenous and local peoples who have a right to be heard.