The EU-Turkey refugee agreement has been in force for two years. It was signed on 18 March 2016 to solve one of Europe`s most pressing problems: the massive influx of refugees. The ill-treatment of former detainees was reported: beatings, forced labour and sexual violence against men and women. There are also reports of lethal use of force against inmates trying to escape. In September, the head of the UN mission in Libya, LEMIL, described the plight of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers in Libya as “terrible” and said the mission sought to “end arbitrary detention… the closure of a number of detention centres and the improvement of the protection of detainees… In these prisons, women are particularly victims of abuse, including sexual violence. The UN Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights called on Libya and the EU to ensure that migration cooperation “fully respects human rights and does not effectively facilitate arbitrary detention in centres where it is too widespread.” As part of the agreement, Syrian refugees are exchanged between Turkey and EU countries. The agreement provides for the EU to send back to Turkey all Syrians who arrived illegally on the Greek islands after 20 March 2016. In exchange, legal Syrian refugees are admitted to the EU.
In a 2016 survey, refugees, unemployment and refugees taking jobs were the list of topics that concerned Finns the most.  The initial study in Finland showed that immigration was a marginal problem in the early 2010s, but the economy was a problem, as the neighbouring Soviet Union, a major export market, collapsed in the 1990s. The initial study showed that about 30% of them think uncontrolled immigration is a problem. This proportion was 40% under the age of 25, people who often came to work themselves. Women see it as a bigger percentage problem than men.  According to the New York Times and other sources, the routes of entry into the Western Balkans experienced the greatest intensity of border restrictions during the EU migration crisis in 2015 and other sources.